The New Mexico Supreme Court recently took final steps to ensure that the state has a safe, fair and effective bail and pretrial detention system. The reforms permit detention without bail of clearly dangerous individuals accused of a crime and ensure that non-dangerous low-risk individuals are not jailed while awaiting trial solely because they cannot buy a bail bond.

The Court’s procedural rules were based on recommendations from the Ad Hoc Pretrial Release Committee chaired by Professor Leo Romero.

Over the past two years, Romero guided the 18-member committee in shaping recommendations for pretrial detention and release in criminal proceedings for all state courts in New Mexico.

Sally A. Paez (’09) and Stephen A. Vigil (‘’07) senior counsel for the New Mexico Supreme Court, provided support for the committee.

“Professor Romero and his staff, Sally and Stephen, did an excellent job of shepherding us through the process,” said Fourth Judicial District Judge Gerald E. Baca (’87).

“The committee, which included judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, detention officials and bail bondsmen, recommended procedural rules that protect the community from dangerous defendants and release defendants who pose little risk of flight or danger to the community,” said Romero.

Justice Charles Daniels also highlighted the fact that New Mexico, like a growing number of states around the country, has now taken significant steps to address important reforms supporting pretrial justice.

“The Justices of our Court agreed with our committee's view’” said Daniels. “The old system of basing pretrial release and detention decisions on who could come up with the money to buy his or her way out of jail, instead of on evidence of individual risk of dangerousness or flight, served neither community safety nor constitutional rights of accused citizens”

The new procedures go into effect July 1 for new and pending cases.